Boris Johnson says NATO members will need to ‘dig deep’ and prepare for a more dangerous decade

Boris Johnson is expected to tell NATO members to “dig deep” and prepare for a more dangerous decade with increased threats.

The first full day of a NATO summit starts on Wednesday in Madrid, Spain, where allies will discuss the future of NATO, as it seeks to agree on a plan for a new decade of growing threats.

In his address, Boris Johnson will urge member states to invest more to modernise defence, warning this decade will be more dangerous and competitive than the last.

NATO members commit to spending at least 2% of their gross domestic product on defence, but only nine of the 30-member alliance meet that requirement.

The UK has met that target every year since its inception, and Mr Johnson will say: “The NATO alliance keeps our people safe every day. But over the next 10 years, the threats around us are only going to grow.

“We need allies – all allies – to dig deep to restore deterrence and ensure defence in the decade ahead.

“The 2% was always meant to be a floor, not a ceiling, and allies must continue to step up in this time of crisis.”

Defence secretary says ‘greater investment’ needed from 2024

Prior to the PM’s address, Defence Secretary Ben Wallace urged the prime minister to increase spending on the UK’s armed forces by the middle of the decade in light of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Mr Wallace said defence spending is in the right place “for the here and now”, but told Sky News’ Kay Burley that post-2024 “we’re going to have to see, probably, greater investment”.

He added that government “appetite” for using the military needs to be “matched with resources”, noting that “if the threat changes, we should always be open to increasing that funding”.

Mr Wallace continued: “We do that in many other departments around government – when the NHS comes under winter pressures for decades and decades the chancellors of the day have stepped up and invested to meet that response.”

Asked how much more money he would like the MoD to have, Mr Wallace replied: “How long is a piece of string?”

“I want always enough to meet the threat,” he added.

The UK’s defence spending is projected to reach 2.3% of GDP this year, largely due to the support provided to Ukraine since February.

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Boris Johnson says he doesn’t think the UK will go to war with Russia in a wide-ranging interview with Sky’s Dominic Waghorn.

UK to expand presence in Estonia

The prime minister will also announce that the UK’s military presence in Estonia will be bolstered, a decision that comes just days after NATO announced plans to increase the number of troops at high readiness by 650%, from 40,000 to 300,000.

According to officials, a greater presence in Estonia would enable the UK to provide rapid reinforcements if needed.

“We’re working with premier Kaja Kallas on what we can do to be more supportive to Estonia, to help them operationally.

“The work is going on for a close political and military partnership. Our commitment to Estonia, like our commitment to all our NATO friends, is absolute,” Mr Johnson said.

However, at home, the prime minister faces criticism over the level of funding for the military, with the new head of the army, General Sir Patrick Sanders, saying that further cuts to the army would be “perverse”.

The British Army is set to shrink from a target figure of 82,000 to 72,500.

Meanwhile, arriving at NATO’s summit in Madrid, the alliance’s secretary general Jens Stoltenberg set out his plans for 300,000 troops to be held at high readiness – up from the existing 40,000.

Telling broadcasters he expects the troops to be ready “by next year”, Mr Stoltenberg said they would be based in their home countries but would be “pre-assigned to specific territories” to be ready to bolster defences there with heavy equipment and supplies already in place should they be needed.

Mr Stoltenberg said: “That combination of those three factors – pre-positioned equipment, more forward-deployed forces and high-readiness forces based in the homeland but ready to deploy – are, at least for the land element, the most important elements of how we are going to strengthen deterrence and defence.”

Sweden and Finland move a step closer to membership

On the eve of the summit, Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan lifted a block on Sweden and Finland’s membership in NATO, a major boost for the alliance.

Until Tuesday, Turkey had resisted the move, insisting the Nordic countries should change their stance on Kurdish rebel groups that it sees as terrorists.

However, an agreement was reached, paving the way for Finland and Sweden.

Mr Johnson is expected to meet the leaders of Turkey and the two Nordic nations on the margins of the summit on Wednesday.

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The UK had supported the Swedish and Finnish bids to join the alliance.

Mr Johnson said they were “breaking decades of historic neutrality” to join the organisation, which showed the alliance was “in robust health”.

“Sweden and Finland’s membership will make our brilliant alliance stronger and safer,” he said.